Dry Cleaning Waste Disposal
Alternative solvents: Understanding the processes
From the survey we learned that over 20% of dry cleaners are using one of the new solvent alternatives to PERC. Most shops were using a hydrocarbon solvent, like ExxonMobil’s DF2000, although some shops use a new process, called System K4.
We wanted to learn more about the chemicals used in these new dry cleaning processes and the wastes they generate. This is what we found from a sampling study:
Toxicity of Solvon K4 dry cleaning solvent in fish
We tested the toxicity of Solvon K4 product in juvenile rainbow trout. The LC50 (or lethal concentration that killed half the test fish) was 45.7 milligrams per liter (mg/L).
Based on this LC50 result, when someone wants to discard unused or off-specification Solvon K4 product in Washington state, it must be disposed of as Dangerous Waste (DW) with the waste code “WT02”.
Toxicity of DF2000 dry cleaning solvent in fish
We tested the toxicity of unused DF2000 towards juvenile rainbow trout and found that this dry cleaning solvent failed to kill fish at the highest tested concentration of 5000 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Therefore, unused or off-specification DF2000 solvent that requires disposal would not designate as dangerous waste in Washington state. We also learned that DF2000 is comprised primarily of long chain hydrocarbons between C-10 and C-12, and does not contain hazardous chemicals like benzene or toluene.
Toxicity of still bottom wastes from alternative solvent dry cleaning
The still bottom wastes from hydrocarbon and System K4 operations are more toxic to fish than the solvents used in these dry cleaning processes.
We learned that the still bottoms contain residual dry cleaning solvent and detergent. We found that the detergents are very toxic to fish. Therefore, the detergents are likely responsible for the toxicity of the still bottoms.
These detergents are so toxic to fish that if someone wants to discard unused or off-specification detergent product in Washington state, it must be disposed of as Extremely Hazardous Waste (EHW) with the waste code "WT01".how many industrial corridors are there in india? when attending workshop it is advisable when does classification mean why theory podcast? where to get recruiters? what marketing jobs are there which is the most commonly used classification scheme whom def what industrial age are we in? where to transfer amex points? how much transfer zelle? when engineering colleges will start how much questions are on the drivers test who leadership in healthcare when questions examples where does pie come from math? how often do you activities why interview is important how much popular is india? how leadership works corwin? who handles marketing in a company how much degree is a sand wedge who whose questions exercises how far is lowe's home improvement? what opportunity cost who algorithm for hiv testing why maintenance of transformer is required recruiter who lowballed candidate? 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