Improper Waste Disposal Meaning
The Federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) are the 1984 amendments to RCRA that focus on waste minimization and phasing out land disposal of hazardous waste as well as corrective action for releases. Some of the other mandates of this law include increased enforcement authority for EPA, more stringent hazardous waste management standards, and a comprehensive underground storage tank program.
Federal facilities are required to comply with all Federal, State, interstate, and local solid and hazardous waste requirements (including statutes, regulations, permits, reporting requirements, and administrative and judicial orders and injunctions). Section 6001 of RCRA subjects Federal facilities to civil penalties and confirms that Federal employees are personally liable for RCRA criminal violations. Federal agencies also must reimburse EPA for the costs of Treatment, Storage, and Disposal Facility (TSDF) inspections at their facilities, comply with procurement requirements, and cooperate with EPA by making available information on their agency waste management practices and hazardous waste facilities. Federal facilities are also required to comply with all Federal, State, interstate, and local Underground Storage Tank (UST) requirements, both substantive and procedural. Section 9007 subjects Federal facilities to civil penalties and subjects Federal employees to criminal sanctions.
The Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCA), enacted in 1992, had four key impacts:
- Subjected Federal agencies to RCRA civil penalties by expanding the waiver of sovereign immunity.
- Provided that Federal employees can be held personally liable for RCRA criminal violations.
- Provided new management and reporting requirements with respect to the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) radioactive mixed waste.
- Identified a process under which conventional and chemical military munitions are or are not considered to be a waste for regulatory purposes under RCRA.
Although Federal facilities were subject to RCRA provisions prior to the 1992 amendment, the FFCA clarified that Federal facilities are subject to penalties and EPA administrative enforcement orders under Subtitles C and I. Congress intended the FFCA to confirm the Federal government’s obligation to comply with all solid and hazardous waste provisions at all sites and to ensure Federal facility compliance with all Federal, State, interstate, and local solid and hazardous waste requirements.
The Energy Policy Act of 2005, amended Subtitle I and reaffirmed that Federal facilities must comply with state and federal requirements for USTs to the same extent as private entities. It established statutory requirements specifically designed to improve the environmental management of Federal facility USTs. It also provided a clear and express waiver of sovereign immunity which clarified that state agencies can bring enforcement actions against federal facilities for violations of UST requirements.
RCRA established three distinct, yet interrelated, regulatory programs:
- Hazardous Waste Management Program (RCRA Subtitle C): Sets national standards for:
- hazardous waste management
- provides for EPA authorization and oversight of state implementation of RCRA
- includes corrective action authorities to address releases to the environment
- Solid Waste Management Program (RCRA Subtitle D): Sets national standards for the management of solid waste.
- Underground Storage Tank Program (RCRA Subtitle I):
- Protects groundwater from leaking underground storage tanks
- Requires owners and operators of new tanks and tanks already in the ground to prevent, detect, and clean up releases
- Banned the installation of unprotected steel tanks and piping
RCRA provides “cradle-to-grave” control of solid and hazardous waste by establishing management requirements for generators and transporters of hazardous waste and for owners and operators of hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facilities (TSDFs). RCRA has been amended by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA), the FFCA and the Energy Policy Act of 2005.
RCRA mainly applies to active facilities, although, through §7003, it can address the serious problem of abandoned and inactive facilities. These abandoned facilities also may be covered under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). (Find RCRA at 42 U.S.C. §6901 et seq. and its implementing regulations at 40 CFR Parts 240-282.)
RCRA Subtitle I provides a comprehensive regulatory program USTs storing petroleum or certain hazardous substances.
Subtitle C of RCRA was enacted in 1976, replacing the Solid Waste Disposal Act and the Resource Recovery Act. Subtitle C (RCRA §§3001-3023) establishes the national hazardous waste management program. This includes the identification and listing of hazardous wastes; standards applicable to generators and transporters and to owners and operators of TSDFs; and provisions for permitting, inspections, and enforcement. Most States have been authorized to implement some or all of the RCRA Subtitle C program. State RCRA programs must be at least as stringent as the federal program, but States also can adopt more stringent requirements.where was good deeds filmed good deeds soundtrack tyler perry watch no good deeds 100 good deeds necklace watch good deeds online can good deeds get you to heaven good uzbek deeds good thoughts good words good deeds meaning where can i watch good deeds for free it takes many good deeds to build a good reputation, and only one bad one to lose it. good deeds day 2013 when will good deeds be on dvd donald trump good deeds fact check good samaritan deeds meaning of good deeds no good deeds movie review no good deeds torrent don't brag about good deeds good deeds tyler perry redbox movie no good deeds one sin and hundreds of good deeds necklace of good deeds black desert quote about good deeds good deeds for free good deeds free movie online tyler perry good deeds clips good deeds dvd cover good deeds and the damage done broadway show where boy gets accolades for doing good deeds xenoblade chronicles 2 perun good deeds watch tyler perry good deeds online free tyler perry good deeds movies good deeds to do good deeds definition 100 good deeds show kkk good deeds tyler perry good deeds review good deeds americorps 100 good deeds nickelodeon good thoughts, good words good deeds quote zoroastrianism good thoughts, good deeds necklace of good deeds bdo good deeds youtube ver good deeds online good deeds in ramadan bible verse not bragging about good deeds good deeds in the news 2020 good uzbek deeds good deeds movie showtimes hadith about good deeds quote about doing good deeds good deeds for kids tyler perry car in good deeds madea good deeds 100 good deeds for eddie mcdowd why do people brag about good deeds good deeds and bad deeds hebrews love and good deeds daddy good deeds watch online good deeds filming locations good deeds on demand comcast spur one another on to love and good deeds good deeds full movie 2012 download tyler perry good deeds 100 good deeds for eddie mcdowd final episode doing good deeds collage not so good deeds bible verse about good deeds do more good deeds good deeds pembroke ma good deeds app good deeds painting be rich in good deeds good deeds day 2021 365 days of good deeds bible verse doing good deeds list of good deeds done by kids good thoughts good deeds someone who does good deeds good deeds online subtitulada no good deeds netflix good deeds for kids good deeds of police officers good deeds megashare tyler perry good deeds full movie 123movies no good deeds laura lippman good deeds tyler perry release date good deeds like filthy rags advent calendar good deeds ideas attempting to earn salvation through good deeds is offensive to god no good deeds dvd the good deeds of donald trump good deeds on blu ray bible verses about doing good deeds for others good deeds torrent watch no good deeds movie let us encourage one another to love and good deeds good deeds soundtrack tupac good deeds full movie online free tyler perry good deeds full movie 123movies tyler perry good deeds cast good deeds manger craft what are examples of good deeds police doing good deeds 2018 good deeds belfast maine good deeds of kane of old guy lucifer quote doing good deeds list of good deeds for children